Natural Resources
 

AGRICULTURE
 

a) Main Crops

Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane are the main crops grown in the district. Production of these crops during the period 1998-99 to 2000-2001 is given in Table .

PRODUCTION OF MAIN CROPS (1998-99 to 2000-2001)

CROP

PRODUCTION (000 M.TONS)
1998-99 1999-2000 2000-2001
Wheat 480.51 631.55 612.23
Rice (cleaned) 354.12 379.91 419.29
Sugarcane 193.70 145.40 105.60

Besides, Jawar, Bajra, Mash, Moong, Masoor, Gram, Maize, Tobacco, Oil Seed such as Rape/Mustard and sunflower are also grown in minor quantities in the district.

b) Main Fruits

Guavas and Citrus are main fruits grown in the district. Production of these fruits during the period 1998-99 to 2000-2001 is given in Table .

PRODUCTION OF MAIN FRUITS (1998-99 to 2000-2001)

FRUIT PRODUCTION ( M.TONS)
1998-99 1999-2000 2000-2001
Guavas 16154 16304 17642
Citrus 8473 4894 4738

Besides, Peaches, Jaman and Banana are also grown in minor quantities in the district.

c) Main Vegetables

Potatoes, Cauliflower, Turnip, Onion, Peas, Carrot, Tomato, Ladyfinger and Garlic are main vegetables grown in the district. Production of these vegetables during the period 1998-99 to 2000-2001 is given in Table .

PRODUCTION OF MAIN VEGETABLES (1998-99 to 2000-2001)

VEGETABLE
PRODUCTION (M.TONS)
1998-99 1999-2000 2000-2001
Potatoes 58637 45523 35000
Cauliflower 13096 13509 13598
Turnip 11735 12254 12505
Onion 11160 10824 10749
Peas 10673 12071 12596
Tomato 5715 6336 6131
Carrot 5114 5373 5408
Ladyfinger 2533 2635 2820
Garlic 2145 2163 1675

Besides, Biter Gourd and Chillies are also grown in the district in minor quantities.

FORESTS.
a)
Location of Forests and Area Under Afforestation. An area of 1977 acres is under forest in the district. There is also linear plantation of 1759 Km alongside the roads/rails/canals in the district. Trees grown in the area are Kau, Phalai, Kikar and Shisham.
b)
Production of Timber and Fire-wood. The production of Timber and Fire-Wood in the district is not mentionable.
Livestock population.
a)
Animal Population.

The animal population of the district is given in Table .

ANIMAL POPULATION (000 HEADS)
Buffaloes

509

Cattle 163
Goats 160
Sheep 77

b) Poultry Population.

As per Punjab Development Statistics, 2000, there are 567 broiler and 102 layer poultry farms in district Gujranwala having rearing capacity of 14175 and 1143 thousand birds respectively. There are also 5 breeding farms having the rearing capacity of 67,000 birds.
c) Availability of Hides / Skins and Slaughter House Wastes

As per Punjab Development Statistics, 2000, 471000 animals were slaughtered in recognized / un-recognized slaughter houses in the district during the year 1999-2000 which is a fair estimate of the availability of hides and skins in the district. The availability of slaughter house by products is estimated as under :-

Bones 3656 M.Tons
Tallow 1223 M.Tons
Blood 3060 M.Tons


d)
Production of Wool.

The sheep population of 77 thousand heads in the district is expected to yield about 77 M.Tons of wool annually.